Time signature: 4/4
Measures per minute (MPM): 45 - 50
Beats per minute (BPM): 200 - 208
Basic Rhythm: Slow-Quick-Quick
Music: Up-tempo jazz/swing music
Origin: England/Suburban New York, USA
The dancer who masters the fundamentals of the Quickstep will have command of a dance that can never grow stale, a dance that is unquestionably the most attractive expression of rhythm the world has ever known.
Foxtrot and Quickstep have a common origin. In the twenties, many bands played the Slow-Foxtrot too fast. Eventually, they developed into two different dances. The Slow-Foxtrot tempo was slowed down and Quickstep became the fast version of the Foxtrot.Charleston fever and it had a lot of influence on the development of the Quickstep. The English developed the Quickstep from the original Charleston as a progressive dance without kicks and mixed in the fast Foxtrot. They called this dance "the QuickTime Foxtrot and Charleston".
As Quickstep is English in origin as well, it was standardized in 1927 at the Star Championships. The English couple Frank Ford and Molly Spain danced a version of the QuickTime Foxtrot and Charleston without the characteristic Charleston knee actions and made it dance for two instead of a solo.
There was a debate as to why this dance became so popular in Britain. It has been thought that the Quickstep was Britain's answer to keeping warm indoors during the winter. It is a proven fact that the energy exerted while dancing a 60-second Quickstep is equivalent to running a mile in record time!
Other than the Foxtrot and the Charleston, the Quickstep also evolved from a combination of The Chase G Chug, the Shag, the Peabody, the One Step, the March, and the Black Bottom and merged all together to make the Quickstep dance of today.Foxtrot, dancers should strive for elegance, being a very form-intensive dance. Upper body posture must be straight and strong throughout each movement.
While it evolved from the Foxtrot, the Quickstep now is quite separate. Unlike the modern Foxtrot, the man often closes his feet and syncopated steps are regular occurrences (as was the case in early Foxtrot). Three characteristic dance figures of the quickstep are the chassés, where the feet are brought together, the quarter turns, and the lock step.
This dance gradually evolved into a very dynamic one with a lot of movement on the dance floor, with many advanced patterns including hops, runs, quick steps with a lot of momentum, and rotation.
The tempo of quickstep dance is rather brisk as it was developed to ragtime era jazz music which is fast-paced when compared to other dance music.
By the end of the 20th century, the complexity of Quickstep, as exhibited by advanced dancers, had increased due to the extensive use of syncopated steps with eighth note durations. While in older times Quickstep patterns were counted with "quick" (one beat) and "slow" (two beats) steps, many advanced patterns today are cued with split beats, such as "quick-and-quick-and-quick, quick, slow", with there being further steps on the "and's".International Style Standard syllabi of ISTD and IDTA for Quickstep differ very little.
- Quarter Turn to Right
- Natural Turn
- Natural Turn with Hesitation
- Natural Pivot Turn
- Natural Spin Turn
- Progressive Chassé
- Chassé Reverse Turn
- Forward Lock
- Heel Pivot (Quarter Turn to Left)
- Closed Impetus
- Back Lock
- Reverse Pivot
- Progressive Chassé to Right
- Tipple Chassé to Right
- Running Finish
- Natural Turn and Back Lock
- Double Reverse Spin
- Zig Zag, Back Lock, Running Finish
- Cross Chasse
- Change of Direction